[138] Government Wahhabi scholars, such as Abdulqader Shaibat al-Hamd, have proclaimed on state radio that Sunni Muslims must not "eat their [Shia] food, marry from them, or bury their dead in Muslims' graveyards".[138]. Before this, the authorities announced several reforms, including the introduction of tourist visas for citizens of 49 countries. [53], In many parts of Saudi Arabia, it is believed that a woman's place is in the home caring for her husband and family, yet there are some women who do not adhere to this view and practice, and some run the house instead of the husband himself. The Declaration is not legally binding, but is the basis of international human rights law. In September, a drone attack for which Yemen’s Huthis claimed responsibility targeted facilities of the state-owned oil company Aramco in Abqaiq, Eastern Province and cut Saudi Arabia’s oil production by about half for several weeks. [201], In September 2018, the Right Livelihood Award awarded three jailed Saudi human rights activists with the "alternative Nobel prize" award. [136] He was released on the same day, declaring the arrest entirely unprovoked. GULF. Saudi Arabia and some of the Gulf states have been carrying out airstrikes on the Yemen, violating international laws and arresting anyone that criticises them. Saudi Arabia continue to deny asylum-seekers access to a fair refugee determination process. [223] Protests and sit-ins calling for political prisoners to be released took place during the 2011–2012 Saudi Arabian protests in many cities throughout Saudi Arabia,[224][225][226][227][228] with security forces firing live bullets in the air on 19 August 2012 at a protest at al-Ha'ir Prison. Among other things, these. Combined, these three documents are often referred to as the “International Bill of Human Rights”. The government has restricted the names that Shias can use for their children in an attempt to discourage them from showing their identity. [76] On October 26, 2013, a group of women started a movement to defy the ban by driving themselves. [126][139] Teachers who proclaim that Shiites are atheists and deserve death have faced no repercussions for their actions, barely even receiving punishment. [144] By 2007 al-Jibrin wrote that [Shiites] "are the most vicious enemy of Muslims, who should be wary of their plots. [58] The government opened the military to women in March, who can serve if they meet certain physical and educational requirements, continue to live with their male guardian in the province of service, and get male permission. The second flogging has been postponed more than twelve times; previous postponements were due to health reasons, but the reason behind the most recent postponement is unknown. In the same vein, the Head of the The British media cited that the nation has been readily exploiting the weakness in global mobile telecom network called SS7, and informed that the data reviewed by them shows millions of covert tracking requests for the US location of Saudi-registered phones since November 2019. SAUDI ARABIA 2018 HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a monarchy ruled by King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, who is both head of state and head of government. The punishment included a five-year prison term and a fine of 3 million riyals (US$800,000). [7], In 2009, Mazen Abdul-Jawad was sentenced to 1,000 lashes and five years in prison for bragging on a Saudi TV show about his sexual exploits.[9][10]. Their decisions can also be overturned by him. Ibrahim Kalin, Turkish presidential spokesman, said "According to the information we have, this person who is a Saudi citizen is still at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. [286], On July 13, 2020, Richard Masters, the CEO of Premier League was urged by the families of human rights campaigners, who are in Saudi prison, to stop the takeover of Newcastle United by Saudi Arabia, while their loved ones remain imprisoned. The UN special rapporteur Agnès Callamard said that the Mohammed bin Salman remained "well protected against any kind of meaningful scrutiny in his country" and called the verdict a "parody of justice". Kutbi's lawyer and son said half the sentence was suspended, but that he was also banned from writing for 15 years and travelling abroad for five, and fined US$26,600. This demolition came from a siege of the city by the Saudi government, as it continued to try to prevent the citizens of the city from gaining their rights. The legislature and the executive are selected by the king and the judges are also appointed by him. [58] Male permission is still required to apply for a passport, travel, marry, divorce, or leave jail. Families of the Shi’a men executed on 23 April only found out that their loved ones had been executed when the authorities announced the news publicly on the same day. Here are ten ways Saudi Arabia is violating its citizens’ human rights: 1. [235], On September 2, 2020, the family of Saad al-Jabri revealed that Saudi Arabia had arrested Salem Almuzaini, the son-in-law of Saad al-Jabri, who accused Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman of sending a hit squad to Canada to kill him. Among the 37 were 11 convicted of spying for Iran. Females are led to believe they are being wed in earnest, but upon arrival in Saudi Arabia subsequently become their husbands' sexual slaves, are forced into domestic labor and, in some cases, prostitution. The legislature and the executive are selected by the king and the judges are also appointed by him. [98], On April 20, it was reported that the migrant workers in Saudi Arabia faced severe conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic. [50], May 15, 2020, marks the two-year anniversary of the detained women rights activists. The UNHCR and the government of Canada intervened, and Rahaf travelled successfully to Canada via South Korea. She claimed that her UAE drivers licence was valid in all GCC countries, but the Saudi border authorities refused to acknowledge its legitimacy. But I say they are heretics. [1] Amnesty International received no response. It was unclear whether the children would be excused from 10-year prison terms.   |   Death sentences were regularly based on “confessions” that defendants said were extracted under torture. The government of Saudi Arabia arrested a few intellectuals, businessmen and activists last year for the same reason. [155][156] Dozens of Shia civilians were killed, including a three year old and[157] a two-year-old children. [182][183], According to Human Rights Watch in 2017 Saudi Arabia continued to repress pro-reform activists and peaceful dissidents. Saudi Arabia has also not provided humanitarian help to trapped citizens of Awamiyah. [264], Until the late 1990s, information on HIV/AIDS was not widely available to the public, but this has started to change. Homosexuality is frequently a taboo subject in Saudi Arabian society and is punished with imprisonment, corporal punishment and capital punishment. [202], In 2018, a Saudi American journalist, Jamal Khashoggi was murdered inside a foreign embassy. [1] The totalitarian regime ruling the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is consistently ranked among the "worst of the worst" in Freedom House's annual survey of political and civil rights. Article 8 However, most hospitals will not treat patients who are infected, and many schools and hospitals are reluctant to distribute government information about the disease because of the strong taboos and stigma that are attached to how the virus can be spread. [83], Hisham Fageeh, a Saudi living in the US, has created a video which makes a reference to the Government's rules which prevented women from driving. Members of the European Parliament passed a resolution denouncing a series of human rights abuse by the regime of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Salman. Women do not need male permission to apply for the card, but do need it to travel abroad. [97], According to the 2016 Amnesty International annual report, Saudi authorities detained and deported hundreds of thousands of irregular migrants, while tens of thousands were fired without having been paid for months and were left stranded without food, water or exit visas. [101], On 2 October, 2020, an Amnesty International investigation revealed that at-least three migrant people died in the detention centers of Saudi Arabia, which has been holding thousands of Ethiopian migrants, according to eyewitness testimonies. In 2004, the United Nations Committee Against Torture criticized Saudi Arabia over the amputations and floggings it carries out under Sharia. [166][167], President of Quran Council[168] and two cousins of executed Nimr al-Nimr were also killed by Saudi security forces in Qatif in 2017. They were accused of "plotting to celebrate Christmas," according to a December 26 statement released by the police branch. In October 2015, UK pensioner and cancer victim Karl Andree, then 74, faced 360 lashes for home brewing alcohol. Men and women from Central Asia, the Middle East, and Africa, and many other countries voluntarily travel to Saudi Arabia as domestic servants or other low-skilled labourers, but some subsequently face conditions indicative of involuntary servitude. The governments of Saudi Arabia and Iran both restrict the rights of their citizens to a great degree. Those who remained at risk of execution at the end of the year included other individuals who were under the age of 18 at the time of their alleged offence. However, on October 2004, the Interior Minister Prince Nayef bin Abdel Aziz declared that "I don't think that women's participation is possible." Download as PDF brief In 2019, Saudi Arabia was ranked among the worst places in the world to be a woman. Saudi Arabia remained a member of the coalition imposing economic and political sanctions on Qatar, along with Bahrain, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). [209] Students studying abroad have been threatened with termination of scholarships in response to criticism of the Saudi government on social media. Two other women human rights defenders, Samar Badawi and Nassima al-Sada, were brought to trial three months later, in June. Amnesty International has urged the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to release the women rights defenders in detention for the past two years. "[271], Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs issued a statement via Twitter on 2 August 2018 expressing Canada's concern over the recent arrest of Samar Badawi, a human rights activist and sister of imprisoned Saudi blogger Raif Badawi, and called for the release of Saudi human rights activists. No response was reported. Many policies and practices endorsed and enforced by Saudi Arabia’s… [134] Between February 20 and 24, 2009, Shia pilgrims from the heavily Shia Eastern Province who had come to Medina for the anniversary of the prophet Muhammad's death clashed with Sunni religious police at the Baqi' cemetery over doctrinal differences concerning the rituals surrounding commemoration of the dead. Qahtani, who was under investigation earlier, was released with no evidence found against him. [40], In April 2020, the Saudi Supreme Court announced under a royal decree by King Salman that minors who commit crimes will no longer face the death sentence, but will be sentenced up to 10 years imprisonment in a juvenile detention facility. Saudi Arabia grooms citizens to replace expats in private sector. With ongoing concerns about a lack of progress on women’s rights in Saudi Arabia, the UK Government is likely to come under increased pressure to take a tougher approach with its ally. However, women’s rights are still not respected in Saudi Arabia. and cut Saudi Arabia’s oil production by about half for several weeks, In August, in a positive and long-overdue development, the authorities announced major reforms to the discriminatory male guardianship system. 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