Lens : [Lens Battlefield 1917] Creator Subject World War, 1914-1918, World War, 1914-1918--France Description Sheet number: [36c SW]. The Battle of Lens, fought on 20 August 1648 in the County of Hainaut between the Spanish Army of Flanders and the French Army of Picardy. The Battle of Lens was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm in the Thirty Years' War. The French Tenth Army, led by Louis Maud'huy, attacked the advancing German forces on 1 October, initially experiencing success until they … It was the war's last major battle. The Spanish infantry broke the Gardes Françaises regiment, but the superior French cavalry were able to defeat their counterparts and envelop the center. With such arrangements, the French moved forward to retake their previous positions. The Battle of Lens. The fighting at Hill 70 and Lens was no exception and the 100,000-strong Canadian Corps suffered some 9,200 casualties between August 15 and 25, 1917. The total war imposed by Richelieu and by Mazarin had increased strongly the taxes to maintain the army. The Destruction of Army Group Center, 1944. This is a desk piece commemorating the Battle of Lens in 1917. On the other cavalry wing, the men commanded by the Count of Bucquoy clashed with their enemies, holding their position while exchanging pistol fire and sword thrusts with the French cavalry of Gramont. The Allies had five regiments of foot, one medium cannon, one cuirassier regiment (two double squadrons) and four horse regiments (two squadrons each), along with four generals. On 9 August the Archduke captured the city of Furnes after a siege of 10 days. On the French right, Conde was able to disperse the Spanish cavalry of the first line with ease, but he was successfully counter-attacked by the cavalry of Lorraine of the second line. During spring and most of summer and despite the effort of Mazarin, the judicial officers of the parliament not only continue to refuse to pay but also condemned all the financial schemes of the monarchy. Edit: My bad, there is a small town called Lens in Belgium, but it's in Hainaut, which is part of Wallonia, not Flanders (unless one is speaking of ancient Flanders, which was a much wider region). As usual Spanish losses are difficult to establish, but following Spanish sources, losses could be estimated at 3,500 men (infantry only), while French accounts elevated the number to 8,800 men or 10,000 men. Some situations might call for different needs that can be best approached with one lens or the … 21-25 August 1917. This time the French garrison (2,000 men) was totally surprised and after few days they had to surrender on 23 May. As with many other debates, it’s all about what’s better for you. On the other side the French movement was seen with surprise and the Archduke sent the cavalry of the Count of Ligneville supported by mangas of musketeers or dragoons to harass the French rearguard. "Trenches corrected to 19-9-17". The battle cemented the reputation of Condé In the centre or bataille, in the first line, was a mixture of 10 infantry squadrons and seven cavalry squadrons. The capture of Hill 70 in France was an important Canadian victory during the First World War, and the first major action fought by the Canadian Corps under a Canadian commander. The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). Destroyed city of Lens during the Battle of Arras, 1917. All these photo lenses are beautiful pieces of engineering, but it has a "huge" cost. Description. Contemporary illustration, oil on canvas. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. On 18 August, the Spanish had retaken Lens, but two days later the army of Flanders was defeated by the Prince of Conde, losing 8,000-9,000 men. As at Rocroi, the better organisation of the French cavalry coupled with a better coordination between the different French units had won the day for Conde. ... tracks yellow; detail, grid, British trenches & names grey; German trenches, names & light railways red; enemy order of battle & dispositions (companies HQs etc.) At the beginning of February, Archduke Leopold sent the Spanish army in a surprise attack against Courtrai but due to the awareness and strength of the French garrison the attack failed (Montglat, volume 2, 1826). 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