His short reign ended abruptly when he died during a battle against the Yuezhi in the east. Its latter name comes from Arsaces I of Parthiawho, as leader of the Parni tribe, founded it in the mid-3rd century BC when he conquered the Parthia region in Iran's northeast, then a satrapy (province) in rebellion against the Seleucid Empire. In the west was Media, in the northwest Hyrcania, in the northeast Margiana, in the east Aria. Due to a confusion of names, the line of succession is equally unclear. 217 BC. The Parni most likely spoke an eastern Iranian language, in contrast to the northwestern Iranian languag… Thermusa, Arsaces’ stepmother and the Queen of Parthia, wants to avenge her son Vonones who was killed by Arsaces for treason. [5] After the fall of the Achaemenid Empire, the satrapy of Parthia, northeastern Iran, was governed by the Seleucid kings: a Macedonian dynasty that ruled in the Asian territories of the former Persian Empire. Before Arsaces I of Parthia founded the Arsacid Dynasty, he was chieftain of the Parni, an ancient Central-Asian tribe of Iranian peoples and one of several nomadic tribes within the confederation of the Dahae. Persian Parthia is a formable nation that can be created by a Scythian culture group country that takes control of the Parthian region. Soon afterwards Antiochus was defeated by the Romans, which severely weakened the Seleucids and allowed Parthia to maintain its freedom from the Seleucids. Wanting Parthia back, the Seleucid ruler Antiochus III would retake it in 209 BCE. 4. However, Phraates I broke tradition and appointed his own brother Mithridates as his successor. ARSACIDS. By this time Arsaces’ son, Arsaces II (r. 217-191 BCE) was on the throne. Arsaces’ concept of government was, in fact, very distant from the Hellenistic monarchic idea and can better be likened to the ideology of the early Kushans, who, like the Arsacids, had arrived from the steppes and started a powerful state in Artabanus I ( Parthian: 𐭍𐭐𐭕𐭓 Ardawān ), incorrectly known in older scholarship as Artabanus II, was king of the Parthian Empire, ruling briefly from c. 127 to 124/3 BC. Arsaces himself was probably born and raised in Parthia… 247/11 Arsaces is proclaimed king of the Parthians. The reverse shows the seated archer, or occasionally an elephant; the head of the king is beardless and wears a helmet and a diadem; only from the third or fourth king they begin to wear a beard after the … Vardanes and his officer, Lysias, decide to use Thermusa’s vengeance to destroy Arsaces. Alexander the Great (l. 356-323 BCE) had conquered the Achaemenid Persian Empire by 330 BCE and, after his death, his generals were left with an immense realm which encompassed Greece, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Egypt, the Levant, and Central Asia. Bilit ASHI'ABATUM His (poss.) He overthrows the Seleucid governor of Parthia in 238 BC and establishes a nation that lasts for almost 500 years. Origins (اشکانیان) Our sources on the ancestry of the eponymous founder of the dynasty, Arsaces, vary irreconcilably. After a power struggle, they divided it between themselves with Cassander taking Greece, Ptolemy I Soter Egypt, Lysimachus Thrace and Anatolia, Antigonus – who had held Anat… Strabo str (c 63/64 BCE - 24 CE) in 11.9.2 of his Geography states that Arshak (Arsaces) was not native to Parthia but a member of the Parni Dahi, a Saka group: "Arsaces, a Sacae, (with the Parni, called nomads, a tribe of the Dahæ, who live on the banks of the Ochus***), invaded Parthia, and made himself master of it. Portrait Name Title(s) Succession & notes Reign Death Arsaces I 𐭀𐭓𐭔𐭊 (ArÅ¡ak)King, … At the time of its conquest the province was in rebellion against the Seleucids. [2] [3] [4] It should be noted, however, that there is no agreement among classical sources regarding his origins, and doubt about the accuracy of classical and traditional sources on the matter. Arsaces I. Died: abt. To Arsaces I. probably belong the earliest Parthian coins; the oldest simply bear the name Arsaces; others, evidently struck after the coronation in Asaak, have the royal title (βασιλέως Ἀρσάκου). In 247 BC, Arsaces, leader of a Scythian group in Central Asia called the Parni (a branch of the Dahae) is crowned king. Arsaces II died in 191 BC and was succeeded by Phriapatius. Mithridates I of Parthia conquered many of their lands. pronouncekiwi - … Three years later, a Parnian leader named Tiridates ventured further south and seized the rest of Parthia. The founder of the Parthian dynasty which assumes the leadership of this take-over is Arsaces. Parthia Is supposed to have been originally a province of Media, on its eastern side, which was raised into a distinct kingdom by Arsaces, B. C. 250. 238/12 between Seleucus and Antiochus, to expand his control over Parthia. such as Arsaces' father, Phriapites, whose name was derived from Avestan * Friya pitā ("father-lover"). Arsaces I of Parthia. 247/10 The Parthians gain independence from Seleucid rule. Arsaces I là vị vua khai quốc của nhà Arsaces ở thế kỉ thứ III TCN, và sau này có khoảng 30 vị vua của VÆ°Æ¡ng quốc Arsaces chính thức mang tên nhÆ° vậy.. Thông tin về Arsaces I có được do những nguồn không chính thức của người Hy Lạp và La Mã và đều từ huyền thoại Arsaces (Arrian i, … Knowing the Seleucids were distracted, and Andragorus was weak, Arsaces (r. 247-217 BCE), Parthia’s first king, conquered Parthia. 2-Great Grandchildren: Antiochus III (King) of COMMAGENE ; Iotape KOMMAGENENSIS ; Caius Julius ARTAVAZDES (Prince) of ATROPATENE ; Vonones II ARSHAKUNI (King) of PARTHIA HM George I's 61-Great Grandfather. Vardanes, the brother of Gotarzes and Arsaces, is jealous of Arsaces' marital successes. According to the 2nd-century Roman historian Justin, Phraates I had mad… Arsaces I (King) of PARTHIA. (Arshak) Born: ? Parthian Empire (247 BC–224 AD) was founded by Arsaces I of Parthia, who led the Parni tribe (an Iranian people) from the region of Parthia. This particular Arsaces was the sixth of the line of independent Parthian rulers which had been founded in 250 B.C. The borders of Parthia were the Kopet Dag mountain range in the north (today the border between Iran and Turkmenistan) and the Dasht-e Kavir desert in the south. Parthia - a country to the east of Persia; home of the Arsacid kings → Wikipedia entry + Parthi , Parthian , Parthians 307/18 Seleucus conquers the Parthians. 12) and the second the governor of Parthia who was crushed by Arsaces I (xli. There were two rulers of Parthia named Andragoras mentioned by Justin, one of them Alexander the Great's satrap of Parthia (xii. Arsaces I may then have been directly succeeded by his brother Tiridates I, who however - like all other Arsacid dynasts also - adopted the name Arsaces upon his coronation. Mithridates had several brothers, including Artabanus and his older brother Phraates I, the latter succeeding their father in 176 BC as the Parthian king. Historically, the Iranian Parthian kingdom was formed by the Arsacid dynasty of Parnia, who conquered the Seleukid satrapy of … Mithridates was the son of Priapatius, the great-nephew of the first Arsacid king, Arsaces I (r. 247–217 BC). His capital was Hecatompylus. It soon extended itself over a great part of the ancient Persian Empire, and is frequently put for that empire in Scripture, and other ancient writings. (The road from Media through Parthia to Margiana is the famous Silk road.) The Greco-Bactrian Kingdom (256 BC–125 BC) seceded from the Seleucid Empire. Arsaces I of Parthia and Arses of Persia are connected through King of Kings, Justin (historian), Old Persian and more.. by Arsaces I, who revolted from Antiochus Theos, killed the Syrian satraps, and with his successor Tiridates I firmly established the independence of the Parthian kingdom. Most scholars now believe that Arsaces was a chief of the Parni, a Dahae tribe who conquered Parthia shortly before Diodotus’ revolt. Meanwhile, Evanthe, whose father, King Bethas, has been imprisoned, is in love with Arsaces. Arsaces I, the Parni tribe's leader, began its rise to dominance by conquering the northeast region of Iran. Artabanus's uncle, Arsaces I, had founded the dynasty around 247 BC. It has also been influenced and shaped by successive waves of invaders and settlers, and now blends Persian, Hellenistic and local cultures into a single, Parthian, whole. The Parthian Empire (247 BC - 224 AD), also known as the Arsacid Empire was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Persia. Subject then to which genealogy is followed (neither is epigraphically assured), Artabanus … Listen to the audio pronunciation of Arsaces I of Parthia on pronouncekiwi. - Arsaces XIII Mithridates I (King) of MEDIA -- poss. The Parthian Empire, also known as the Arsacid empire, became a world power in 247 B.C. Under a new Persian noble ruler Arsaces of the Parni, Parthia is a country built from tribal fiefdoms. Areas of eastern Iran and the Seleucid satrapy of Parthia are gradually liberated from Greek rule by tribesmen from the Iranian Plateau. According to Parthian custom, the reigning ruler had to be succeeded by his own son. The first king of the Parthians (as the Parni were called from now on) was Tiridates' brother Arsaces I. Parthia was led by the Arsacid dynasty, who reunited and ruled over the Iranian plateau, taking over the eastern provinces of the Greek Seleucid Empire, beginning in the late 3rd century BC, and intermittently controlled Mesopotamia between ca 150 BC and 224 AD. ς, Persian: ارشک ‎ ArÅ¡ak) was the founder of the Arsacid dynasty, and after whom all 30+ monarchs of the Arsacid empire officially named themselves. 4. Sign in to disable ALL ads. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. Arsaces I: King of Parthia 217–191 BC (Seleucid vassal 209–191 BC) Succeeded by Priapatius HRE Ferdinand I's 57-Great Grandfather. A counter-offensive by king Seleucus ended in disaster, and Hyrcania was also subdued by the Parni. i. Antiochus occupied Parthia's capital at Hecatompylus, then pushed into Hyrcania before Arsaces II recognized Seleucid authority. 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