Because of its potential size, Norway spruce is often used as a windbreak, screen or large hedge in large-scale landscapes. Growth Rate… Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Hardiness Zones: 3 - 7. The four-sided needles are  ½  to 1 inch long. It will continue to grow rapidly to a mature height of 50 feet. The number of the tree’s synonym crosses 150. The female flowers are reddish-pink and upright on the tips of the branches, Once pollinated, the flowers turn green and hang downward as cones ripen. Stop by, email, or call. The typical growth rate is about 1-2 inches per year and may attain 6 foot in 20 years from a 3 foot planting. As people emigrated, they often brought trees with them from the Old Country to plant as ornamentals on new homesteads. The branches may drupe slightly at the tips, giving … … Can begin to look a little unkempt in its old age. Within its native range, Norway spruce remains healthy up to 200 years, and lives up to 300 to 400 … Norway spruce also makes a good roosting tree for hawks and owls. By Pamela Doan. The Norway Spruce is a fast growing Spruce tree. Fastest growing of the spruces. Green Giant Arborvitae (Thuja Standishii X Plicata … Does poorly in shade conditions. The very shallow, spreading root system benefits from a 3 to 4 inch layer of organic mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture. Readily available at most local nurseries in the typical range of the Norway spruce. Once fertilized, they gradually turn downward. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Norway Spruce Features. A great evergreen tree for use in landscapes, and as windbreaks. While the trees seem to be doing fine and are covered in new growth right now, two of the Norway spruce … Acrocona Norway spruce (Picea abies 'Acrocona'):  This cultivar has a broad-spreading pyramidal form and may top out at 20 feet high. : A 12 to 15 foot high and wide upright, narrow tree with weeping habit. With a branch spread of 25 feet across, landscape designers will often arrange Norway spruces to provide privacy and wind blockage fo… – Norway spruce Subordinate Taxa. During its 500-year life, a Sitka spruce will reach between 160 and 220 feet, with 60-inches-per-year growth rate until it reaches maturity. Growth Habit: Tree: Native Status: CAN I L48 I: Characteristics ... Picea A. Dietr. Our communities. Bright red female cones are produced at the ends of the branches. And while this species does grow in Norway, the name is a bit of a misnomer. Norway Spruce has stiff dark green needled foliage, with a very densely branched growth habit. Based on a 1936 report from Harvard, the recommended planting distance of Norway spruce has not changed significantly. A very popular tree used for reforestation due to fast growth rate… Small male flowers are pinkish-red and clustered along the stems. Because of its potential size, Norway spruce is often used as a windbreak, screen or large hedge in large-scale landscapes. (may grow to 75 feet in 50 years). It has some drought tolerance. Norway spruce growth is exceptional. Outward spreading branches create a slight depression in the center of this flat-topped plant, giving rise to the name, “bird’s nest.”  Cones are seldom produced. The Sitka spruce dwarfs its cousins in maximum attainable height and rate of growth. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. Description The Norway Spruce is the fastest growing Spruce tree, with a growth rate of over 2 feet per year. View Map. Special features: Bird Friendly , Easy Care , Year-round Interest Growth rate: Slow Average landscape size: Slow growing; reaches 3 to 4 ft. tall, 12 to 15 ft. wide, in natural form. This plant has no children Legal Status. Cupressina Norway spruce (Picea abies 'Cupressina'):  A narrow cultivar growing 25 to 30 feet high and 6 feet wide; more tolerant of heavy snow loads. This strong evergreen tree is extremely cold hardy and easy to grow. Noteworthy Characteristics. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Picea abies 'Pendula' - Weeping Norway Spruce - an irregularly-shaped, semi-weeping, specimen treeform plant, ranging from 10' to 15' tall with one or more terminal branches that flare horizontally outward then develop branchlets that weep, often staked during propagation and early growth … This tree can grow to nearly 60 feet tall. And while this species does grow in Norway, the name is a bit of a misnomer. Norway Spruce trees do take up a lot of room. The needles are smooth and stiff with a pointed tip. Siberian spruce is known to be … Develops strong graceful branches that are covered with dark green needles. Weeping Norway Spruce (Picea abies 'Pendula' ): A 12 to 15 foot high and wide upright, narrow tree with weeping habit. It is a dwarf, evergreen shrub with stiff, prickly, green to bluish-green, ½ inch needles and a neat, dense, compact shape. Norway spruce is a large, pyramidal tree with long, cylindrical cones that hang like ornaments from the weeping branches against the dark green foliage. Does poorly in shade conditions. This sun-loving, 50- to 80-foot-high tree is often used as windbreaks, screens, or hedges in large-scale landscapes. The following menu has 3 levels. Pyramidal shape with branches that droop … Best planted in full sun. It is a dwarf, evergreen shrub with stiff, prickly, green to bluish-green, ½ inch needles and a neat, dense, compact shape. Best planted in full sun. It is not a tree for smaller yards.The very shallow, spreading root system benefits from a 3 to 4 inch layer of organic mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture.Best planted in full sun. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Coming in second with an average growth rate of 30 inches annually, the Norway spruce has an impressive yet manageable height between 40 and 60 feet. (zones 3-7). Its wood is used for structural lumber, paper production, and specialty products like tonewood for string instruments. Its bark is reddish brown and somewhat scaly. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. This tree grew in Eurasia, the Black Forest and other parts of the continent long before making its way to Norway around 500 B.C. Nice pyramidal form and dark green needles makes it a favorite. Picea abies - Norway Spruce is one of the nicest evergreens you can plant. Outward spreading branches create a slight depression in the center of this flat-topped plant, giving rise to the name, “bird’s nest.”  Cones are seldom produced. However, other species, such as, the popular Colorado blue spruce … use escape to move to top level menu parent. Ideal windbreaker. Often used as a specimen plant in a mixed border. Dwarf Norway Spruce (Picea abies ‘Pumila’ ): This dwarf cultivar grows  3 to 4 feet high and 4 to 5 feet wide. Reader question: I planted several Colorado spruce and Norway spruce a few years ago. A large pyramidal conifer, … It is not a tree for smaller yards. The Norway Spruce is our favorite and best large evergreen for windbreaks in the eastern 2/3 of America. Growth Rate: Moderate to fast, especially when young. Spider mites and bagworm can also be problems. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Early growth of Norway spruce is slow, increasing to maximal rates from 20 to 60 years of age [ 42, 50 ]. Special features: Bird Friendly , Compact Form , Dwarf Plant , Easy Care , Year-round Interest And since it's a dense tree that easily … Building the urban forest for 2050. Growth rate: Slow Average landscape size: Slow growing; reaches 3 to 4 ft. tall, 3 to 6 ft. wide. Yields light brown, stiffly scaled, 4–6" cones that sit upright on the branch until fertilized. Matures at 60'; 25' spread. Growth Rate: Medium to Fast. Our trees. The Norway spruce grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 25–30' at maturity. Generally, most spruce trees have a slow growth habit and average between 6” and 11” (15 – 29 cm) per year. Norway spruce trees support a wide variety of wildlife. The study shows that smaller spacing allowed for denser growth … Features dark green needles that are roughly ½–1" in length and feel square when rolled between your fingers. They are important as winter cover for deer and small game including grouse, hare and woodcock. The Norway Spruce has lustrous dark green needles which are 1/2 to 1" long and maintain their dark green color all winter. This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. Norway Spruce has long been prized for forest products for its strong wood and rapid growth rate. The Norway Spruce Container Grown is the fastest growing of the spruce family and makes a great windbreaker because of its strong branches. Use enter to activate. The Norway Spruce can be expected to grow in the temperature extremes of zones three – seven shown in this arborday.org hardiness zone map. Other species of spruce—notably the Norway spruce (Picea abies) and Sitka … The cones produced by this conifer are relatively long at 4 to 6". From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Page 4 of 4 Environmental stress Norway spruce (Picea abies), and its cultivars grow well in theSaint Louis area if planted and maintained properly. The branches arch up in a swooping manner and it’s foliage hangs. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Due to its high economic and cultural value, Norway Spruce … This dwarf cultivar grows  3 to 4 feet high and 4 to 5 feet wide. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Does poorly in shade conditions. The Norway spruce hails from Europe. Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. The very shallow, spreading root system benefits from a 3 to 4 inch layer of organic mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture. For starters, the Norway Spruce Tree can grow to a large height in as little as three years. The Norway is a best seller because of its look, growth rate, wind resistance and tolerance of harsh conditions. Old Tjikko, a clone of Norway spruce is believed to be 9, 550 years old, being the oldest living tree in the world. Song birds and fur bearers also frequent these forest types. Susceptible to cytospora canker and Rhizosphaera needle cast.Spider mites and bagworm can also be problems. The trees grow relatively fast – up to 2 feet (.6 m.) a year – and their crowns develop a pyramid shape. Can be planted on a wide variety of sites. Often used as a specimen plant in a mixed border. Picea abies, commonly called Norway spruce, is a large pyramidal evergreen conifer that is native to the mountains of northern and central Europe east to the Urals.In its native … The Norway Spruce is a fast growing (2-3’ per year) evergreen that has dark green needles that are 1 … Mature Shape: Pyramidal with branches that … Bird’s Nest Norway spruce (Picea abies ‘Nidiformis’ ): This cultivar is much smaller than the species (3 to 6 feet high and wide). The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Wetland … GROWTH RATE: Intermediate HxW@10 Years: 5'x3' Sun Exposure: Sun/Part Shade Common Name: Cobra Norway Spruce Latin Name: Picea abies 'Cobra' Hardiness Zone: Zones 4-8 Related Products. The bark of a young tree is thin and thickens into gray-brown flaky scales as the tree matures. Have tree and plant questions? Cones are cylindrical, 4 to 6 inches long, purplish-green changing to light brown as they ripen. RECOMMENDED HARDINESS ZONES: 3 (-30 to -40 F / -34.4 to -40 C) HORTICULTURAL STATUS: RHS Accepted Genus COLOR: Medium Green GROWTH SHAPE: Broad Upright or Oval GROWTH … The Norway spruce grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 25–30' at maturity. The Norway spruce grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. – spruce Species: Picea abies (L.) Karst. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The Norway spruce (P. abies) grows from100 to 150 feet tall with a 20-foot spread. … Picea abies / Norway spruce. The norway spruce can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–7. This cultivar is much smaller than the species (3 to 6 feet high and wide). Some years ago I had a customer arrive with a dwarf Alberta spruce … ... Growth Rate… This form is more rounded than that of Bird’s Nest Spruce. Norway Spruce is extremely adaptable and very cold hardy. ... Click the button below to add the Picea abies 'Cobra' _ Norway Spruce … Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. These trees that grow fast grow approximately three feet per year and need room on either side to spread out. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Our future. 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